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  1. Prince Harry 'very glad' to walk behind Diana's coffin 23 August 2017 From the section UK Image copyright PA Prince Harry has said he is "very glad" he joined the funeral cortege for his mother, Princess Diana. Harry had previously said walking behind her coffin aged 12 was something no child "should be asked to do". He has now told the BBC he doesn't "have an opinion whether that was right or wrong", but "looking back on it", he is glad to have been part of the day. Prince William, who was 15, recalled using his fringe as a "safety blanket" during the "very long, lonely walk". "I felt if I looked at the floor and my hair came down over my face, no-one could see me," he said. 'Do my bit' The pair have spoken in a series of interviews leading up to the 20th anniversary of their mother's death on 31 August. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionPrince William speaks in an upcoming BBC documentary about the death of his motherThe Duke of Cambridge told Sunday's 90-minute documentary, Diana, 7 Days, walking behind her coffin was "one of the hardest things I've ever done". "It wasn't an easy decision and it was a sort of collective family decision to do that... there is that balance between duty and family and that's what we had to do." The balance, he added, was "between me being Prince William and having to do my bit, versus the private William who just wanted to go into a room and cry, who'd lost his mother". Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionPrince Harry discusses the actions of photographers who were chasing his mother before her deathWilliam and Harry were joined by their father, the Prince of Wales, grandfather, the Duke of Edinburgh, and uncle, Earl Spencer, in the procession through London. In June, Prince Harry was quoted in US magazine Newsweek saying he did not think the same situation "would happen today", adding that no child should be expected to do the same "under any circumstances". But speaking to the BBC, Harry echoed his brother, describing the move as "a group decision", and one that, in hindsight, he was happy with. Earl Spencer, recently described the decision to include the young princes in the procession as "bizarre and cruel". State of shock Analysis by Sarah Campbell, BBC News royal correspondent: Image copyright PA It is hard to look at the pictures of 15-year-old William and 12-year-old Harry walking behind their mother's coffin and not wonder what was going through their young minds - and now we know. In this latest documentary marking Diana's death, the two princes describe being in a state of shock as people grabbed and wailed at them. Harry said he was glad he had never cried in public. William constantly referred to "duty" - that was why he had to walk behind the coffin when a part of him just wanted to go away and cry. There are revealing insights throughout - William describing his thankfulness that they stayed in Balmoral with the Queen ensuring they had "privacy to mourn". In all the coverage in the lead-up to the anniversary, very little has been said about Prince Charles. But Harry shed some light on his father's role, saying: "He was there for us… he tried to do his best". Prince Harry also paid tribute to his father for the way he took care of them after Diana's death in a car crash. "One of the hardest things for a parent to have to do is to tell your children that your other parent has died," he said. "How you deal with that I don't know but, you know, he was there for us." The princes also described seeing their mother deeply distressed in the years before he death after run-ins with photographers, who waited in "a pack" for her "every single time she went out". "And I mean a pack, like a pack of dogs, followed her, chased her, harassed her, called her names, spat at her, tried to get a reaction to get that photograph of her lashing out, get her upset," William said. 'Public opinion' The documentary also includes interviews with Diana's sister, Lady Sarah McCorquodale, and former Prime Minister Tony Blair. He recalled being woken on the day Diana died by a policeman at the foot of his bed, and described his "shock" at learning the "most famous person in the world" had died. Mr Blair said the Queen was "obviously very sad" when he first spoke to her, but that she also seemed to be aware, as he put it, "there was going to be a risk that the country's sense of loss turned to a sense of anger and grievance, and then turned against the monarchy". "She was concerned about the monarchy herself because the Queen has a very strong instinct about public opinion and how it plays," he said. Diana, 7 Days, will be broadcast on BBC One at 19:30 BST on Sunday, 27 August. View the full article
  2. European Court of Justice 'not necessary or appropriate' says UK 22 August 2017 From the section UK Politics Related Topics Brexit Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionWhy the fuss about the European Court of Justice?The UK is to tell the EU it is "neither necessary nor appropriate" for the European Court of Justice (ECJ) to police their relationship after Brexit. The government wants a "deep and special partnership" with the EU - while staying clear of the ECJ's jurisdiction, a policy paper will say. There are plenty of other ways of resolving disputes, ministers say. Theresa May has promised to take the UK out of the Luxembourg-based ECJ's jurisdiction after Brexit. But the question of how future agreements between the UK and the EU will be enforced is proving contentious. Reality Check: What is the European Court of Justice? UK seeks 'close co-operation' on legal disputes The European Court of Justice is in charge of ensuring member states abide by EU law. Its rulings are binding on all member states, and it also settles disputes between countries and EU institutions. After the UK voted to leave the EU last year, Mrs May promised to make the UK a "fully independent, sovereign country". But pro-EU campaigners say the government made an "appalling error" by making leaving the ECJ a "red line" in Brexit negotiations, saying new courts will now be needed in all the areas it extends to, including trade, citizens' rights and security. European Court of Justice Decides whether the institutions of the EU are acting legally, and settles disputes between them Ensures that the member states of the EU are complying with their legal obligations as set out in the EU treaties; and allows member states to challenge EU legislation Interprets EU law at the request of national courts Brexit Secretary David Davis, who will resume negotiations with Brussels on 28 August, has spoken of the "arbitration arrangements" that will be needed in areas where the UK and the EU make new arrangements - but insists these will not involve the ECJ. "If Manchester United goes to play Real Madrid, they don't allow Real Madrid to nominate the referee," he said last month. Wednesday's publication - the latest in a series of papers setting out the UK government's stance on key issues - will say there are a "variety of precedents for resolving disputes that may arise between the UK and the EU" without the ECJ having direct jurisdiction. These will need to include the free trade deal the UK hopes to strike with the EU to replace its membership of the single market. On Monday, the president of the court of the European Free Trade Area (Efta) - which governs Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway's relationship with the single market - suggested his institution could be used. Image copyright PA Image caption Brexit negotiators David Davis and Michel Barnier do not agree on the role of the European Court of Justice after Brexit But this could anger some Eurosceptic Conservative MPs, because the Efta court, also based in Luxembourg, tends to follow closely the ECJ with its rulings. The ECJ has also emerged as the central stumbling block in reaching a deal on the rights of EU nationals after Brexit. The EU side believes the ECJ should have a role in enforcing these rights - a proposal rejected by the UK. The UK government said its paper on Wednesday would offer maximum certainty to businesses and individuals. It will also suggest that dispute resolution mechanisms could be tailored to the issue at stake in each agreement. "It is in the interests of both the UK and the EU, and of our citizens and businesses, that the rights and obligations agreed between us can be relied upon and enforced in appropriate ways," a spokeswoman said. "It is also in everyone's interest that, where disputes arise between the UK and the EU on the application or interpretation of these obligations, those disputes can be resolved efficiently and effectively." Red lines 'blurred' The pro-EU Open Britain campaign, which wants to remain part of the single market, claimed the government was paving the way for a "climbdown" by referring to ending the "direct" jurisdiction of the ECJ. Speaking on behalf of the group, Labour MP Chuka Umunna said: "Nothing the government says it wants to deliver from Brexit - be it on trade, citizens' rights, or judicial co-operation - can be achieved without a dispute resolution system involving some role for European judges." Sir Keir Starmer, Labour's shadow Brexit secretary, said: "The prime minister's ideological insistence that there can be no future role whatsoever for the ECJ or any similar court-like body risks preventing the deal Britain needs." Liberal Democrat leader Vince Cable said Mrs May's "red lines are becoming more blurred by the day", saying the ECJ had "served Britain's interests well" and should not be "trashed". The Institute of Directors called for "flexibility and pragmatism" when leaving the ECJ's jurisdiction. "The emphasis here should be on ending its direct effect, not trying to throw off the influence of the court altogether," it said. View the full article
  3. Schizophrenic 'Muslim killer' not guilty by reason of insanity 22 August 2017 From the section London Image copyright PA Image caption The attack happened on an Overground train near Forest Hill in December A man with schizophrenia who repeatedly stabbed a train passenger after yelling "I want to kill all the Muslims" has been found not guilty of attempted murder by reason of insanity. Adrian Brown, 38, experienced a "severe psychotic episode" when he stabbed Muhammed Ali on a London Overground train on 12 December 2016. Judge Deborah Taylor QC ordered that Brown should be detained indefinitely. She added he would only be released on the order of a judge or the government. Brown, of Brockley Rise, south-east London, appeared via video link from Broadmoor Hospital during the hearing. A jury found Brown not guilty following a two-day trial at Southwark Crown Court. He was also found not guilty, by reason of insanity, of possession of an offensive weapon and of assault by beating of Mr Ali. Image copyright Ita O'Brien Image caption Brown pleaded not guilty to a charge of attempted murder on the grounds of insanity The trial heard Brown had been delusional in his belief he would "save humanity" and exorcise a Muslim demon haunting him by stabbing his victim. The court was told he was heard by other passengers to say "Where are all the Muslims? I am going to kill all the Muslims", before holding a knife to the throat of another woman, who was unhurt. Brown accepted carrying out the attack but pleaded not guilty to a charge of attempted murder on the grounds of insanity. Mr Ali had been travelling home with his wife when the assault took place between Honor Oak Park and Forest Hill, south London. He told court that the attack had left him too frightened to leave his house. Image copyright @SE23LDN Image caption Brown said he was being haunted by a 'Muslim demon' "I struggle to sleep at the time because every time I shut my eyes I have flashbacks to the whole thing", he said. "I can only assume it was me because my wife was wearing a headscarf." Detaining Brown indefinitely under section 37 of the Mental Health Act, Judge Taylor said: "You have a long history of psychotic illness and on that day you were suffering and you continue to suffer from paranoid schizophrenia. "There's no doubt that if it had not been for the prompt intervention of an off-duty police officer and two medical practitioners that he he may well have died such were the severity of his injuries and the loss of blood." View the full article
  4. Dominic Chappell to be prosecuted over BHS collapse 22 August 2017 From the section Business Image copyright Getty Images The Pensions Regulator is to prosecute Dominic Chappell, the former boss of retail chain BHS. He is charged with failing to provide information and documents the regulator requested during its investigation into the sale of BHS. Chappell's Retail Acquisitions (RAL) bought BHS for just £1 in 2015 from billionaire retailer Sir Philip Green. The collapse of BHS led to the loss of 11,000 jobs and a pension deficit of £571m. RAL was put into liquidation earlier this year. Settlement Mr Chappell has been summonsed to appear at Brighton Magistrates' Court on 20 September to face three charges of neglecting or refusing to provide information and documents, without a reasonable excuse. Warning notices were sent out to Sir Philip and Mr Chappell in November last year, setting out the arguments and evidence as to why the regulator believed they should support the BHS pension schemes. In February, Sir Philip Green agreed in a settlement with the Pensions Regulator to hand over £363m in cash to the BHS pension scheme. The investigation into Dominic Chappell is continuing. 'Fair trial' Frank Field, Chair of the Parliamentary Work and Pensions Committee, said: "If The Pensions Regulator is frightened of landing the whale, I suppose going after the sprat is the next best thing. "Why was Sir Philip Green allowed to get away with an inadequate settlement, in which pensions have been cut, yet Dominic Chappell is going to be sued? "I'll be consulting the House of Commons' lawyers on when I can begin to unlock that puzzle, so that Mr Chappell has a fair trial." View the full article
  5. George Osborne urges 'HS3' rail for northern England 22 August 2017 From the section UK Politics Image copyright HS2 handout Image caption The next stage of high speed rail should be across the north of England, according to George Osborne Former Chancellor George Osborne has urged the government to build high-speed rail lines across the north of England, from Liverpool to Hull. Mr Osborne, who launched the "Northern Powerhouse" initiative when in government, called for the commitment in an article in the Financial Times. He admitted "it will not be cheap", but said it would "transform" the economy. The government said it was "investing billions of pounds" to "better connect communities" across the north. The Northern Powerhouse Partnership, which is chaired by former Tatton MP Mr Osborne, is launching a campaign for the new-high speed connection, starting with a line across the Pennines. Plans for "HS3" would follow on from the existing HS2 scheme - a planned line linking London and Birmingham that will split into two branches to Manchester and Leeds. The partnership wants the government to redesign the second phase of HS2 to "remodel" four junctions, which could then be used for further connections under their rail proposals. What is the Northern Powerhouse? What next for the Northern Powerhouse? May backs Osborne's Northern Powerhouse HS3 rail link needs 'kick-starting' Writing in the FT, Mr Osborne said the new railway would "bring seven million extra people - and three times the number of businesses - within a 90-minute journey time of one of the northern cities". He said the estimated cost of the Pennines line had been put as high as £7bn, but argued the investment could be spread over many years and the transport budget was built to take in such large projects. "There is no geographical reason why this cannot happen," wrote Mr Osborne. "The distance between Manchester and Leeds is shorter than the length of the Central line on the London Underground." 'Exists and breathes' He said there had been a "systematic attempt" to "eradicate all mention of the initiative" by some of Theresa May's advisers. But he told BBC Radio 4's Today programme the idea was still "thriving". "Now the idea is not just dependant on the political career of one chancellor or one prime minister, it exists and it breathes and it lives in the north of England." Andy Burnham, Labour's Mayor of Greater Manchester, tweeted a link to Mr Osborne's article, adding that the north of England "is getting organised". Skip Twitter post by @AndyBurnhamGM Report End of Twitter post by @AndyBurnhamGM Last year, the prime minister vowed to press ahead with the project. Writing in the Yorkshire Post, Mrs May promised to "help the great cities and towns of the North pool their strengths and take on the world". However, last month the government scrapped the planned electrification of railway lines in Wales, the Midlands and the north of England, prompting anger from local authorities and businesses. Days later, Transport Secretary Chris Grayling backed proposals for Crossrail 2 - a north-east to south-west railway in London. A spokesman for the Department for Transport said the government had already made a commitment to Northern Powerhouse Rail, giving £60m to Transport for the North to develop plans, adding: "[We] look forward to working with them once proposals are submitted later this year." "We are also investing billions of pounds across the north of England to better connect communities, build the Northern Powerhouse, and deliver improved journeys right across the region," the spokesman said. View the full article
  6. Ford announces £2,000 scrappage scheme for pre-2010 cars 22 August 2017 From the section Business Image copyright Getty Images Ford is the latest car company to launch an incentive for UK consumers to trade-in cars over seven years old, by offering £2,000 off a new model. Unlike schemes by BMW and Mercedes, which are only for diesels, Ford will also accept petrol cars. All of the part-exchanged vehicles will be scrapped, Ford said, which would have an "immediate positive effect on air quality". Old cars, from any manufacturer, can be exchanged until the end of December. "Ford shares society's concerns over air quality," said Andy Barratt, chairman and managing director of Ford of Britain. "Removing generations of the most polluting vehicles will have the most immediate positive effect on air quality, and this Ford scrappage scheme aims to do just that." Waking up Consumers will be given £2,000 off new Ford models ranging in price from around £12,000 to more than £20,000. Ford said by combining the scrappage incentive with other standard offers, customers could receive up to £4,000 off a car or £7,000 off the cost of a van. New diesel and petrol vehicles to be banned from 2040 Q&A: How will the petrol and diesel car ban work? Mayor of London launches £42m fund to retire 'dirty' cabs The cars that can be traded in include any built to emissions standards that applied before 2010. Vauxhall ran a similar scrappage scheme earlier this year, as well as in 2015 and 2016. Image copyright Getty Images Analysis By Richard Westcott, BBC transport correspondent Despite growing public concern about the air pollution caused by vehicles, car makers have dragged their heels even as governments across Europe tighten emissions laws. Although only Volkswagen was found to have cheated air pollution tests, other car makers produced vehicles that could pass lab tests but be far more polluting when driven in the real world. They stuck to the rules - but their cars were still dirtier than most of us realised. Is the tide now turning? Volvo says all its new cars will be hybrid or electric within two years. Others, such as Vauxhall and now Ford, are offering scrappage schemes to get older diesels off the roads. VW is likely to be the next car maker to follow suit. However, these schemes will also boost new car sales, which have been slipping in the UK for the past four months. Environmental lawyers' campaign group ClientEarth welcomed Ford's announcement. "It seems the motor industry is finally waking up to the damage dirty diesels are doing to our lungs as well as their own reputation," said ClientEarth lawyer Anna Heslop. "What we need is a thought-through, coherent strategy from government to help people to move to cleaner and more sustainable technology. "At the moment, there are pockets of small, short-term actions here and there, but nothing like the joined-up thinking we need to solve this problem." The UK government has come under pressure to announce a vehicle scrappage scheme for diesel cars, after it was found that air quality thresholds in cities were repeatedly being breached. However the government's clean air strategy announced in July did not include a scrappage scheme, calling previous ones "poor value" for money. Instead it said new diesel and petrol cars would be banned from 2040. View the full article
  7. Unpaid Dart Charge fines: Nick Freeman says UK is 'soft' on foreign drivers 21 August 2017 From the section Kent Image copyright Simon Leatherdale / Geograph Image caption The charge at the Dartford Crossing is payable between 06:00 and 22:00 daily The UK is being "soft and stupid" over the unpaid fines of more than a million foreign drivers who have used the Dartford Crossing, according to celebrity motoring lawyer Nick Freeman. Figures show about 1,160,000 fines - worth about £81m - have been passed to a European debt recovery agency since the Dart Charge began in 2014. Mr Freeman - known as "Mr Loophole" - said it sent out a bad message. Highways England said non-payment was being followed up in the UK and abroad. Figures for how many fines went on to be paid by foreign drivers have not been released by Highways England, which said this could prejudice the effective operation of Dart Charge. Mr Freeman said: "That means it's complete nonsense and they've recovered nothing." Charges and fines at the Dartford Crossing Live: More on this story and other news across Kent Image copyright PA Image caption Nick Freeman is calling for an app to be developed The figures showed there had been more than 120 million chargeable crossings since Dart Charge began. Of the five million of those by foreign vehicles, more than a million drivers did not pay. Mr Freeman, who has defended Sir Alex Ferguson, Jeremy Clarkson and David Beckham among a string of high-profile clients, is calling for an app to be developed to notify foreign non-payers about unpaid fines at UK borders. He claimed it could be sorted without too much difficulty. "The government need to grasp this because the amount of money is exorbitant and it's totally unfair," he added. "The point is there are millions and millions of foreign drivers who come over to this country and they pay nothing to use our roads. We go abroad, we have to pay." Image caption Highways England said most drivers paid the charge correctly A Highways England spokesman said: "The vast majority of drivers are paying their Dart Charge correctly, and the number of foreign drivers not paying on time makes up less than 1% of total crossings. "Non-payment is being followed up fairly and appropriately, using all legal means, both in the UK and abroad." View the full article
  8. Ministers 'must act on faulty white goods fire risk' 21 August 2017 From the section UK Image copyright PA Image caption The Grenfell Tower fire started in a faulty fridge-freezer More people will die from fires started by faulty white goods if ministers do not act to implement safety guidelines, the London Fire Brigade, the city's mayor, and safety groups have warned. In a letter to Theresa May, they say some fridges and freezers are being sold with a flammable plastic backing. And the letter says people continue to use white goods that are subject to product recalls to fix lethal faults. The Grenfell Tower fire, which killed 80 people, started in a fridge-freezer. The letter refers to a fire in August 2016 in Shepherds Court, a tower block in west London, which began in a faulty tumble dryer. That blaze prompted a whole series of safety recommendations but a year on, the letter points out, no substantial changes have yet been made. It says: "A year on people across the UK are still using white goods that pose a serious fire risk and are subject to recall or corrective action. "Worse still, some fridges and freezers are still being produced with a flammable plastic backing, which offers very little protection against the insulation foam inside catching alight if a fire starts. "We are deeply concerned that, a year after Shepherds Court, decisive action is still needed to improve product recalls and manufacturing standards for white goods in the UK." Are our home appliances safe? The fire brigade wants the government to put a single register of product recalls, including all international recalls, on the gov.uk website, which carries other key public information. The LFB also wants risk assessments to be published when a fault is identified and for the "sleeping risk" to be included in these assessments. The letter was signed by the London Fire Brigade (LFB) Commissioner Dany Cotton, London Mayor Sadiq Khan, the Fire Brigades Union, National Fire Chiefs Council and charity Electrical Safety First. It points out that it is not only the guidelines made last year that have to be implemented. In 2014, a coroner suggested a series of safety recommendations to improve product recalls, following the inquest into the death of Santosh Benjamin-Muthiah, a father who died saving his wife and children from a fire caused by a fridge freezer. The fire service said it was "extremely concerned" that "no substantial changes" have been made in the product recall system since then. View the full article
  9. 'Hard' Brexit offers '£135bn annual boost' to economy 20 August 2017 From the section Business Image copyright Getty Images Removing all trade tariffs and barriers would help generate an annual £135bn uplift to the UK economy, according to a group of pro-Brexit economists. A "hard" Brexit is "economically much superior to soft" argues Prof Patrick Minford, lead author of a report from Economists for Free Trade. He says eliminating tariffs, either within free trade deals or unilaterally, would deliver huge gains. Campaigners against a hard Brexit said the plan amounts to "economic suicide". What is the customs union? The UK is part of the EU customs union, and so imposes tariffs - taxes on imports - on some goods coming into the country. Countries in the customs union don't impose tariffs on each other's goods, and every country inside the union levies the same tariffs on imports from abroad. So, for example, a 10% tariff is imposed on some cars imported from outside the customs union, while 7.5% is imposed on roasted coffee. Other goods have no tariffs. The UK has said it is leaving the EU's customs union because as a member it is unable to strike trade deals with other countries. A quick guide to the Brexit negotiations Farmers back temporary customs union Prof Minford's full report, From Project Fear to Project Prosperity, is due to be published in the autumn. He argues that the UK could unilaterally - before a reciprocal deal is in place - eliminate trade barriers for both the EU and the rest of the world and reap trade gains worth £80bn a year. The report foresees a further £40bn a year boost from deregulating the economy, as well as other benefits resulting from Brexit-related policies. Mr Minford - a professor at Cardiff University - says that when it comes to trade the "ideal solution" would still be free trade deals with major economic blocks including the EU. But the threat that the UK could abolish all trade barriers unilaterally would act as "the club in the closet". The EU would then be under pressure to offer Britain a free trade deal, otherwise its producers would be competing in a UK market "flooded with less expensive goods from elsewhere", his introduction says. He argues UK businesses and consumers would benefit from lower priced imported goods and the effects of increased competition, which would force firms to raise their productivity. Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionBrexit: What's the difference between a hard or soft Brexit?However, Open Britain, a campaign group arguing for the UK to remain within the single market and the customs union, said the proposed strategy would be damaging to the UK economy. "Unilaterally scrapping our tariffs without achieving similar reductions in the tariff rates of other countries would see Britain swamped with imports, leaving our manufacturers and farmers unable to compete," said Labour MP Alison McGovern, a supporter of the cross-party group Open Britain, which is campaigning against a hard Brexit. "The levels of bankruptcy and unemployment, especially in industry and agriculture, would sky-rocket. "This is a project of economic suicide, not prosperity. No responsible government would touch this report with a barge pole as a source of ideas for our future trade policy." Economists for Free Trade is a group of 16 economists, including former government advisers and academics. The group plans to release further chapters of the report in the run up to its full publication. Andrew Walker, Economics Correspondent, BBC World Service It is a counterintuitive idea, but actually the economics textbooks do provide some support for the idea of unilateral trade liberalisation. This analysis suggests that removing trade barriers produces benefits for consumers and businesses buying components or raw materials that exceed the losses suffered in industries that face stiffer competition. The downside is that it may take time, perhaps years, for the workers who lose their jobs to find new ones. Professor Minford has expressed the view that the British economy is flexible enough to cope. There is also the question of how the new jobs would compare with the old ones. The mainstream view among economists is that while countries overall may gain from trade liberalisation, there are usually some specific groups that lose. Prof Minford also directs criticism at Chancellor Philip Hammond's current approach to Brexit, which he says amounts to "throwing away our hard-won freedom from EU rules". The chancellor is viewed as favouring a softer approach to Brexit, but recently co-authored an article in the Telegraph in which he proposed that the UK would leave both the single market and the customs union in March 2019, but that there would be a "time-limited" transition period to help businesses adjust. Image copyright PA Image caption Prof Patrick Minford says dropping all tariffs after Brexit will boost the UK economy by billions A government spokesman said the UK would maintain a "deep and special" relationship with the bloc after departing the EU. "The economy has grown continuously for four years and there are more people in work than ever before. "As we leave the European Union, we will build on this success by maintaining a deep and special partnership with the EU while embracing the wider world as an independent, open, trading nation.'" During the referendum campaign last year Prof Minford stoked controversy by suggesting that the effect of leaving the EU would be to "eliminate manufacturing, leaving mainly industries such as design, marketing and hi-tech". However in a recent article in the Financial Times he suggested manufacturing would become more profitable post-Brexit. View the full article
  10. Finland killings: Briton who helped victims says he is 'not a hero' 19 August 2017 From the section UK Image copyright Hassan Zubier/Facebook A British man who went to the aid of victims of a knife attack in Finland has told the BBC he is "not a hero". Hassan Zubier, a paramedic born in Kent who now lives in Sweden, said he did "what he was trained for" when a knifeman stabbed two women to death in the city of Turku on Friday. He was injured four times as he tried to help others, according to reports in the Swedish media. Police in Finland are treating the attack as a terrorist incident. Mr Zubier, 45, who was born in Dartford, was on holiday in Turku when he was caught up in the attack. 'Died in his arms' "I am not a hero. I did what I was trained for. I did my best and more," he told the BBC from his hospital bed. Earlier, he told Swedish newspaper the Expressen: "I saw a guy stabbing a woman with a knife while she lay on the ground. "I rushed to help her and I tried to stop the blood flow, while others gave her heart and lung assistance." But the woman's injuries were so severe that she died in his arms. The knifeman, an 18-year-old Moroccan, was arrested after being shot by police. Four other Moroccans have been held. 'Terrorist killings' The two women stabbed to death were both Finnish while eight people were also injured. Police say the knifeman appeared to choose women as targets, with six of the eight wounded being female. Prime Minister Juha Sipila told a press conference that Finland had experienced a terror attack for the first time. Police said in a statement: "The act had been investigated as murder, but during the night we received additional information which indicates that the criminal offences are now terrorist killings." The UK embassy in Finland said it had "been in touch with the British national and offered consular support". View the full article
  11. UK terror threat increased by IS losses, security minister says 19 August 2017 From the section UK Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionIS are inspiring home-grown attackers rather than sending them to the front line, Ben Wallace saysThe UK terror threat is increasing as so-called Islamic State loses territory in Syria and Iraq, the security minister has said. Ben Wallace said extremists were trying to carry out attacks in the UK because they were either unable to join IS overseas or had returned from there. He said Europe was now under "constant attack" from terror groups. Mr Wallace also warned there needed to be more understanding of the anti-terrorism programme Prevent. It comes after IS claimed responsibility for the Barcelona attack on 17 August when a van drove down Las Ramblas, killing 13 and injuring scores more. The terror group lost its Mosul stronghold to Iraqi forces last month and international efforts to bring down its "capital" Raqqa in Syria continue. IS seized Raqqa in 2014 and established its headquarters there, with former prime minister David Cameron calling it "the head of the snake". Mr Wallace told BBC Radio 4's Today programme: "I think the threat is still increasing, partly driven by the fact Isis is collapsing in Syria and people are either unable to get out there to fight for Isis and so they look to do something at home, or also because people have come back and tried to inspire people with their stories and tales of the caliphate. "I think those two things mean that the threat is to some extent increasing." Image copyright Getty Images Image caption IS claimed responsibility for the Barcelona attack on 17 August The security minister also said it was vital for people to engage with the government's anti-terrorism programme, Prevent, which aims to stop people from becoming radicalised. But he said he disagreed with comments from the police lead for Prevent who said the programme should be compulsory. Under the scheme, police and other organisations try to build relationships with the public - including faith leaders, teachers and doctors - and urge them to report any concerns to them, but currently any engagement is voluntary. Mr Wallace added that he had ordered the release of more information to increase understanding of Prevent and its successes to get more people to engage with it. "There's no ifs and buts nowadays. "If we're going to stop these people who use everyday items such as vehicles and kitchen knives to murder people on our streets, we are going to have to all engage together with Prevent and we are having real success when we do that." Mr Wallace added: "We must offer an alternative and help people be protected from that [radicalisation]." View the full article
  12. McDonald's could face first UK strikes 18 August 2017 From the section Business Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Global fast-food giant McDonald's could face its first UK worker strikes Fast-food company McDonald's could face its first staff strike in the UK, after workers at two stores backed a call for industrial action. Employees at McDonald's restaurants in Cambridge and Crayford, near London, voted overwhelmingly for a strike. The Bakers, Food and Allied Workers Union (BFAWU) said staff wanted secure working hours and a £10 per hour wage. A spokesman for McDonald's said the fast-food company "works hard to ensure teams are treated fairly". "We can confirm that, following a ballot process, the BFAWU have indicated that a small number of our employees representing less that 0.01% of our workforce are intending to strike in two of our restaurants." "As per the terms of the ballot, the dispute is solely related to our internal grievance procedures." Rebecca Long-Bailey, Labour's Shadow Secretary for Business, Environment and Industrial Strategy, said: "The strike at McDonald's is motivated by working people coming together to fight for decent pay and working conditions." The company in April announced that staff would be offered a choice of flexible or fixed contracts with minimum guaranteed hours. McDonald's, employs around 85,000 staff in the UK and one million worldwide. View the full article
  13. Sir Bruce Forsyth: TV legend dies aged 89 18 August 2017 From the section Entertainment & Arts Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionHow Brucie entertained us for decadesSir Bruce Forsyth, the veteran entertainer and presenter of many successful TV shows, has died aged 89. The former Strictly Come Dancing presenter had been unwell for some time and was in hospital earlier this year after a severe chest infection. His long career in showbusiness began when he was aged just 14. He became Britain's best-paid TV star, famous for hosting game shows like The Generation Game, Play Your Cards Right and The Price is Right. He also presented BBC One's Strictly with Tess Daly from 2004 to 2014. Image copyright PA Image caption Sir Bruce and Lady Forsyth married in 1983 A statement from his manager, Ian Wilson, said: "It is with great sadness that the Forsyth family announce that Sir Bruce passed away this afternoon, peacefully at his home surrounded by his wife Wilnelia and all his children. "A couple of weeks ago, a friend visited him and asked him what he had been doing these last 18 months. "With a twinkle in his eye, he responded 'I've been very, very busy... being ill!'" Sir Bruce's family expressed their thanks to "the many people who have sent cards and letters to Bruce wishing him well over his long illness and know that they will share in part, the great, great loss they feel". Keyhole surgery They said there would be no further comment at the moment and asked for their privacy to be respected "at this most difficult time". Sir Bruce had not been seen in public recently, due to ill health. He was too frail to attend the funerals of close friends Ronnie Corbett and Sir Terry Wogan last year. In 2015, the presenter underwent keyhole surgery after suffering two aneurysms, which were discovered following a fall at his Surrey home. In an interview last October, his wife said he was still having "a bit of a problem moving". She said: "He's in incredible shape mentally but he gets very tired." Follow us on Facebook, on Twitter @BBCNewsEnts, or on Instagram at bbcnewsents. If you have a story suggestion email entertainment.news@bbc.co.uk. View the full article
  14. Spain attacks: 'Small number' of Britons injured, says FCO 18 August 2017 From the section UK A "small number" of Britons were injured in the attacks in Spain, the Foreign Office says, as the Barcelona death toll rises to 14. The FCO also said it was "working to find out if any more need our help" and that the numbers of those injured could rise. View the full article
  15. Mother wins MoD apology over 'Snatch' Land Rover death By Clive Coleman Legal correspondent, BBC News 18 August 2017 From the section UK Media playback is unsupported on your device Media captionPte Phillip Hewett, of the Staffordshire Regiment, was killed on 16 July, 2005In July 2005, Sue Smith's son, Pte Phillip Hewett, was killed by a roadside bomb while travelling in a lightly armoured "snatch" Land Rover in Iraq. He was the ninth of 37 service personnel to be killed in the vehicles in Iraq and Afghanistan, which came to be known as "mobile coffins". Twelve years later, following a legal battle that reached the Supreme Court, Sue has finally got her apology. "He didn't die for nothing," she says. Speaking exclusively to the BBC, Sue has recalled her journey from the inquest process, to a victory at the Supreme Court, to the Chilcot inquiry into the Iraq War. It has resulted in a settlement of her case and an apology from Defence Secretary Sir Michael Fallon for failures that "could have saved lives". Sue remembered how Phillip had become worried about travelling in the Snatch. "He wrote to his uncle saying that he was concerned that so many of his friends had lost their driving licences so they didn't have to drive in Iraq. "One of his friends said, 'It's better to be judged by 12 than carried by six,' because that's how dangerous the vehicles were. But he wouldn't have refused. He would have done as he was told." She said that when Phillip, a fitness fanatic, came home on leave, he was a shadow of his former self. "He spoke to his sisters and discussed his funeral and said what he wanted. He wasn't the same. His character was different. "He wouldn't tell me. I think he was trying to protect me so I didn't worry. But I was worrying anyway. Had I known, I think I would have run over his foot or something to stop him having to go back." The day Phillip died, Sue had a premonition. "I got up to go to work and there was a breaking news story about three soldiers from the Staffordshire battle group that had been killed in Al Amarah by a roadside bomb. "I can't explain it but I just knew before I went out the door. And we were sorting out his birthday presents to send to him. It's like something inside me. I can't really explain it better than that." Sue recalled that waiting for the body to be repatriated was the worst time, because no-one would tell her what had happened. 'More to be answered' The inquest into Phillip's death was due to last five days and Sue hoped it would provide answers, but it was completed in three hours. "Quite honestly it was like a smack in the face. It was almost as if those three lives were worth an hour each. It shocked me that it was so dismissive. Because by then I knew that (the vehicle) was what had to be questioned," she said. "And it was almost like I was something under someone's foot and they just wanted to get rid of me, and it made me feel more determined because I knew there was more to be answered than what I got at the inquest." Image caption Sue Smith (pictured third from the right) at a Stop the War Coalition march in London in September, 2005 Desperate for answers about the Snatch, Sue founded a group called the Military Families Support Group with other families of service personnel. She was initially told by the MoD that the people in a position to decide, had decided that the Snatch was the correct vehicle for the job. She found the inability to get answers from the MoD maddening. "Sometimes I felt like they just wanted me to go away or die," she said. But after yet another death things changed and armoured personnel carriers (APCs) were deployed on the same roads in Iraq that had been deemed too narrow for them prior to Phillip's death. Sue decided that the only really effective way to try and get answers was legal action. Image caption Sue Smith after the ruling in her favour at the Supreme Court in 2013 In June 2013 she and the families of two other soldiers, Pte Lee Ellis and L/Cpl Kirk Redpath, killed in Snatch Land Rovers won a landmark ruling at the Supreme Court. It gave them the right to sue the MoD under the Human Rights Act because it was deemed the soldiers were within the UK's jurisdiction at the time of their deaths and so were subject to human rights law. The MoD had wanted to strike their claims out. Sue recalled: "I was really, really happy that at last, soldiers had got the right to life, and they had to make things right, and yet I suppose it was a bitter sweet moment, because I did it for Phillip because I didn't want his death to be for nothing." Snatch Land Rover's replacement is revealed by MoD Killed soldier's dad says compensation plans are 'wrong' Chilcot report: Findings at-a-glance Even after the Supreme Court case the MoD continued to contest her case. It was the publication of the report into the inquiry into the Iraq War by Sir John Chilcot in July 2016 that changed everything. Sue had been to see the inquiry team and was instrumental in it considering the Snatch deaths. The report's criticisms were stark. The MoD had known about the vehicle's vulnerability and for years had failed to provide more heavily armoured vehicles. Sue believes that if the MoD had listened to her earlier, the lives of some of the 37 soldiers could have been saved. Finally her case and that brought by the families of Pte Ellis and L/Cpl Redpath have been settled, and each has received a letter of apology from the defence secretary. In the one written to Sue and seen by the BBC, Sir Michael expresses his regret at Phillip's death. "I am fully aware of the struggle you have had to bring this matter to court over the last decade and I recognise that this has had a significant impact on you and your family," he writes. "The government entirely accepts the findings of Sir John Chilcot in the Iraq Inquiry in relation to Snatch Land Rover. "I would like to express directly to you my deepest sympathies and apologise for the delay, resulting in decisions taken at the time in bringing into service alternative protected vehicles which could have saved lives." He goes on to say that lessons have been learnt and ends: "The government must and will ensure that our Armed Forces are always properly equipped and resourced." Sue said the apology was "bitter sweet". Her 12 year legal battle has taken a heavy toll on her and her family, but she feels that Phillip's death now leaves a legacy. "I'd like it to be that his death made a difference. He's not just a casualty of Iraq. "Iraq is almost forgotten now. It's almost Britain's Vietnam. People don't want to remember. But at least at the end of it, it's worth it. Not his death, but for people to remember what I've done in his name." View the full article